What was the first trade center in western Africa?

In Western Africa the major trade centers were cities such as Timbuktu, Gao, Agadez, Sijilmasas, and Djenne. Along the coast of North Africa sea port cities developed such as Marrakesh, Tunis, and Cairo. The port city of Adulis on the Red Sea was also an important trade center.

What was traded in West Africa?

A profitable trade had developed by which West Africans exported gold, cotton cloth, metal ornaments, and leather goods north across the trans-Saharan trade routes, in exchange for copper, horses, salt, textiles, and beads. Later, ivory, slaves, and kola nuts were also traded.

Why did trade begin across the Sahara Desert?

Why did trade begin across the Sahara Desert? They found goods such as horses and camels and realized that there was trade to be done in Sub- Saharan Africa. Because they now had access to camels as well as the technology of stirrups and saddles, trade was possible and therefore it ensued.

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What was the gold salt trade?

Many items were traded between North Africa and West Africa, but the two goods that were most in demand were gold and salt. The North Africans wanted gold, which came from the forest region south of Ghana. The people in the forests wanted salt, which came from the Sahara.

How did Islam spread in West Africa?

Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated the religion or converted to it themselves.

Who discovered Africa first?

Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa and the oceanic route to the Indies.

Why was salt valuable in West Africa?

To the north lay the vast Sahara, the source of much of the ​ salt ​. People wanted gold for its beauty, but they needed salt in their diets to survive. Salt, which could be used to preserve food, also made bland food tasty. These qualities made salt very valuable.

How did kingdoms develop in West Africa?

How did the Kingdoms of West Africa develop and prosper? The were created by men who became wealthy because of the gold-salt trade. They were extremely cunning, extremely lucky, or both. Their wealth gave them power turning them and their descendants into powerful lords of land and people.

What are the tribes of West Africa?

Major ethnic groups

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Major ethnic groups Region Countries
Hausa West Africa Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Ghana, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan
Hutu Central Africa Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo
Igbo West Africa Nigeria
Kanuri Central Africa Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon


What was a major effect of the gold salt trade in Africa?

The gold – salt trade in Africa made Ghana a powerful empire because they controlled the trade routes and taxed traders. Control of gold – salt trade routes helped Ghana, Mali, and Songhai to become large and powerful West African kingdoms.

What is the connection with trade between North Africa and West Africa?

This trade (called the trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves. The slaves, usually captured as prisoners of war, were sold by the West Africans to the Muslim traders who came from North Africa. North Africa and parts of southern Europe were part of the Muslim ‘Moorish’ empire.

What were three primary occupations of Jenne Jeno’s 20000 residents?

Who were the most respected people in Jenne Jeno?

Front Back
How many years after North Africans began trans-Saharan trade were camels introduced to the region? 700 years (camels came in 300 AD)
What were the 3 primary occupations of Jenne – Jeno’s 20,000 residents? 1. Farming 2. Fishing 3. Making iron tools

Is salt more valuable than gold?

The historian explains that, going by trade documents from Venice in 1590, you could purchase a ton of salt for 33 gold ducats (ton the unit of measure, not the hyperbolic large quantity). The fact is that it was actually salt trade that held more worth than the gold industry.

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How did the gold and salt trade develop?

The trade began due to a surplus of each product per area. Gold was plentiful in West Africa so traders sent the item to North Africa so they too could have the valuable mineral. In return, North Africans gave salt to West Africa. Salt is vital to prevent dehydration and was scarce in West Africa.

Why did Mali trade gold for salt?

Worldwide, African gold was famous and many countries wanted it, and would trade for it. The trade in gold helped Mali stay very wealthy. Since salt was abundant in the North of Mali, but scarce in the South, they would have to import it. Salt was mainly used to preserve foods, like meat, but also corpses, etc.

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