What is the driest place in South America?

The Atacama Desert is commonly known as the driest place in the world, especially the surroundings of the abandoned Yungay town (in Antofagasta Region, Chile).

What is the Atacama Desert famous for?

Surprisingly, around one million people call the Atacama Desert home. Crowding into coastal fishing villages, mining areas and oasis towns. Inhabitants grow dry-weather produce such as olives, tomatoes and cucumbers, and herd alpacas for a living. The desert is also famous for mining copper.

Why Atacama Desert is so dry?

The desert is primarily on the leeward side of each mountain chain, which is where the rain shadow is for mountain ranges, further decreasing the amount of rain the desert gets. The third major factor that keeps the Atacama Desert so dry is the cold ocean current that runs adjacent to the coast of South America.

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Where is Atacama Desert South America?

Atacama Desert, Chile Chile is home to the most well known desert in South America: the Atacama Desert. Located along the coast of Northern Chile, it offers incredible, breathtaking landscapes. On an Atacama Desert tour, you can see the area’s main attractions.

Which country has no rain?

But the driest non-polar spot on Earth is even more remarkable. There are places in Chile’s Atacama Desert where rain has never been recorded—and yet, there are hundreds of species of vascular plants growing there.

Why is Atacama desert dangerous?

Sterile Ground – Both the Andes Mountains and the Chilean Costal Range, which surround this desert, create a blockage of moisture, making the Atacama Desert a kind of death zone for vegetation, depriving the land of water and nutrients.

Is Atacama desert worth visiting?

The Atacama Desert is one of Chile’s most exciting places to visit, comprising as it does incredible landscapes of salt flats and saline lakes, high-altitude geysers, softly smoking volcanoes and lunar rock formations.

What happened in Atacama Desert in Chile in 1971?

Flooding hits Chile’s Atacama desert. The worst flooding in over a decade. Hundreds forced from their homes. Hundreds of people have been forced from their homes after four days of heavy rain brought flooding to Chile’s Atacama Desert.

What desert is in Chile?

Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south.

Is Atacama desert cold or hot?

The Atacama is the driest hot desert in the world. There are some weather stations in the Atacama where there has never been any rain! Not all deserts are hot. The Dry Valleys in Antarctica are cold deserts.

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Why is Patagonia a cold desert?

Patagonia is a cold desert in South America due to being in the rain shadow area of the Andes and does not get rainfall and is a cold and dry desert with its major part in Argentina.

Where is driest place on Earth?

The driest place on earth officially is in the Atacama Desert in Northern Chile and southern Peru, in western South America (Figure SM4. 3). There are locations in the Atacama that have not received measurable rainfall in decades.

What are the causes of the Atacama Desert of South America?

As the winds are forced to rise to cross the Andes, they are cooled (remember it gets colder the higher up you go). Eventually, the moisture in the air condenses and turns to rain, falling on the ‘wrong’ side of the Andes! This means that the Atacama lies in a rainshadow.

How cold does the Atacama desert get?

The temperature in the Atacama Desert can reach highs of around 104°F (40°C) during the dayime, whilst falling to temperatures of 41°F (5°C) or below at night. The Atacama Desert is 50 times drier than Death Valley.

Are there snakes in the Atacama Desert?

Venomous snakes, like the eastern brown snake, as well as non-venomous species such as the black-headed python also inhabit the savanna.

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